Oh, scary! Did you discover enlarged pores on your face when you looked in the mirror in the morning? The good news first: Everyone has visible pores - some more, some less. However, if pores enlarge unattractively, the suffering begins for many. No need to worry: in this article, we explain why your skin depends on pores, give you ten helpful tips to get rid of large pores at home, and reveal how a professional facial treatment in Berlin can support your skincare routine.
Pores - what is that anyway?
The word 'pore' is derived from the Greek term póros and means something like 'opening', 'passage', or 'way'. The pore already has its meaning in the modern sense in the old Latin medical language: porī (pores) called 'small skin openings' or 'sweat holes'.
The approximately 300,000 pores in your skin are very small openings that are created by the ducts of sebaceous and sweat glands or hair roots. They have important tasks: pores excrete sebum, transport pollutants out of the body, and thus support the self-cleansing function of your skin.
Incidentally, sebum (lat. sebum ) is not a negative waste product, but the body's own protection and care program: it covers the skin with a greasy acid protective layer, which thanks to its pH value protects you from germs, bacteria, and viruses, fungi, and environmental influences and ensures sufficient skin moisture cares. In addition, pores regulate the temperature of your body via secreted sweat - a vital function.
In addition, the tiny openings play an important role in the skin's metabolism: both the supply of oxygen and the absorption of care products take place through the pores.
It is therefore important to care for the pores and keep them clean so that sweat and sebum can be excreted smoothly - and no unsightly blackheads form. By the way, pores can neither open nor close. Warm water makes facial cleansing easier by softening your skin, making it easier to remove impurities. But the changed skin surface does not influence the pore size.
This creates enlarged pores
Of course, your pores won't enlarge all at once. It is a gradual process that can be traced back to various causes. Genetics is the key to your skin type. Take a look around your circle of friends: the skin of your loved ones is as individual as their character traits. Some people tend to have oily skin with larger pores, while others have dry, cracked skin. This basal skin structure is hereditary - the right care is therefore based on your skin type.
The same applies to the size of your pores. This is also hereditary and dependent on the body's sebum production. The skin types 'combination skin' and 'oily skin' are always associated with enlarged pores since these secrete more sebum. Determine your skin type in this article.
If your sebaceous glands produce too much sebum and this mixes with (dirt) particles such as dead skin cells, clogs your pores. As a result, the sebum cannot drain off as usual, accumulates and dark blackheads appear, which expand the pores. Visually, you perceive this as an enlargement. If the impurities are not treated in time, this can result in permanently enlarged pores on the face, because: Your skin loses elasticity as a result of the normal aging process and environmental influences. A lack of elasticity then ensures that enlarged pores no longer shrink.